What to do if your voice is hoarse, hoarse or disappeared due to overwork or a cold

Is there a disaster coming? Is your voice hoarse and about to disappear? Maybe he's already gone? Indeed, if your work involves speaking, talking on the phone, teaching, or just talking with people, then a temporary loss of voice can really turn into a disaster. Life will have to be paused until the voice returns. What can and should be done in such a situation?

The most acute question that worries everyone for whom the voice is very important: "How to quickly restore the voice?" Before starting treatment, you always need to understand the essence of the disease. Most often, the problem is hidden inside the vocal apparatus, or more precisely, in the larynx. The vocal cords are located in the larynx. These are two such folds, similar to curtains, on which the formation of sound depends. The vocal cords are very delicate and can suffer from overexertion, inflammation, and injury. In addition, the state of the voice may depend on the overstrain of the muscles that are involved in the process of voice formation, neoplasms in the larynx region, and metabolic disorders.

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Hoarseness with colds, causes and treatment in adults

In the list of causes of voice problems, acute respiratory diseases are in the first place. With a cold, the voice does not disappear immediately. At the onset of the disease, it may be slightly hoarse or hoarse. Then it becomes difficult or even painful to speak, and it all ends with the fact that the voice disappears completely. This can be said to be the "classic version". Why does a cold have such an effect on the voice? Because the voice is directly related to breathing. And, if some part of the respiratory system has suffered, then this will certainly affect the sound of the voice. Even from an ordinary runny nose, the voice becomes unrecognizable, nasal. What can we say about sore throat? Swelling and inflammation of the larynx mucosa interferes with the normal functioning of the vocal cords. Hence the hoarseness of the voice. Therefore, the first thing to do is to reduce mucosal irritation.

What not to do if your voice is hoarse:

  • try to talk. The saying “The word is silver, silence is gold” in this case is more appropriate than ever.
  • whisper. Do not think that if you do not make sounds, then your cords are not working. During a whisper, the ligaments are strained even more than during normal conversation.

How to restore your voice:

  • Drink more warm liquid. Will be useful: mineral water with released gases, tea with milk, herbal teas, non-acidic fruit drinks and compotes.
  • Treat throat pain with conventional means: gargle, lozenges, sore throat sprays. These funds are especially relevant when the voice disappears with pharyngitis.
  • From the first days, to be treated for hoarseness and loss of voice with special means. There is only one such drug in Russia. It's called Homeovox. These are lozenges that are used both for the prevention and treatment of voice disorders. Homeovox can be taken together with other drugs for sore throat, cold and antitussives.
  • Ventilate the room more often, do wet cleaning, humidify the air.
  • Inhalation with mineral water will be useful as it moisturizes the mucous throats well.

Increased hoarseness can also be caused by:

  • Polluted air. The air we breathe can irritate the respiratory tract. Therefore, dry cold air, dust, gas pollution, tobacco smoke will not be beneficial.
  • Foods and drinks should be warm and not overly flavored. Spicy, hot, cold foods will promote inflammation, not fight it.

How to restore vocal cords after overexertion

The second most common cause of hoarseness is overexertion or fatigue of the vocal cords. Our voice can get tired too. Especially well aware of this are those who have to talk a lot, shout or sing. People who sing professionally know very well what to do to preserve their voice. It is not for nothing that opera divas warm up their voices before performing, do special exercises to strengthen the respiratory system and learn to breathe correctly.

But what to do for those people who have not learned to control their voice, but due to circumstances, problems of overexertion of the vocal cords still arise? Do not change your profession?

If a person once had to deal with loss of voice due to vocal tension, he probably knows that this can happen again. And at the first signs of hoarseness, hoarseness, weakness of voice, he tries to take measures to protect him.

What should I do if my voice disappears from overvoltage?

  • Need a full rest for a few days.
  • Warmth for the throat, both inside and outside. Warm tea inside, warm scarf outside.
  • Also use tablets for loss of voice and hoarseness Homeovox. The first two days: two tablets every hour. Then, as the condition improves, switch to supportive therapy - two tablets five times a day. They can also be used for preventive purposes.
  • A course of vitamins A, D and group B is recommended.
  • Food rich in carbohydrates.
  • More liquid: milk, alkaline mineral water, carrot and other juices, chamomile and mallow infusions.
  • Warm inhalation.

All of these recommendations will help restore your voice at home. And what to do if the voice disappeared at work, right in the middle of a lecture or a live broadcast. If you have had to speak for a long time and you feel tired in your voice, try the following. First, try to relax, straighten up, and breathe deeply. Speak slowly. Pause. To do this, you can ask the audience or the interlocutor a question, ask them to complete a written assignment. It's good if there is an opportunity to drink. Drink warm tea or water in small sips. Try to speak a little lower in pitch than usual. To prevent inflammation of the vocal cords from becoming chronic, allow your voice to fully recover.

In this article, we have touched on the most common causes of hoarseness and hoarseness. The reason for the loss of voice may or may not be obvious. Therefore, if you have to deal with the fact that your voice has disappeared or is very hoarse, then be sure to consult an otolaryngologist (ENT doctor). There are also specialists of a narrow profile - phoniatrists, who treat only the vocal cords and the vocal apparatus.

The causes of hoarseness and voice in adults vary, and treatment always requires a lot of patience. Imagine how difficult it can be not to talk all day. Take care of your voice so that it does not disappear completely, start treatment on time and do not forget about prevention. Be aware that our mood, overall well-being, and even posture affect the quality of our voice.

Attention! The information presented in the article is for informational purposes only. The materials of the article do not call for self-treatment. Only a qualified doctor can diagnose and give recommendations for treatment, based on the individual characteristics of a particular patient.