SARS symptoms. Prevention and treatment of ARVI and influenza

Sore throat, runny nose, cough - these symptoms of ARVI are familiar to everyone. What is ARVI? SARS is a respiratory tract infection caused by viruses. SARS (acute respiratory viral infections) are transmitted by airborne droplets and are often highly contagious.

Sometimes, with a cold, the doctor diagnoses ARI, why? What is the difference between ARVI and ARI? ARI (acute respiratory disease) is a more general name for inflammatory diseases of the respiratory tract. Unlike ARVI, it can be caused by any microorganisms: viruses, bacteria, mycoplasmas or mixed infection.

What infections are ARVI? The causative agents of respiratory diseases are viruses: parainfluenza, adenovirus, coronavirus, influenza, respiratory syncytial virus, etc. Each virus has many subtypes.

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Influenza and SARS

Among SARS, influenza is especially distinguished, since this virus can cause whole epidemics and pandemics. The symptoms of influenza are similar to those of other acute respiratory viral infections, so an accurate diagnosis can only be made on the basis of laboratory tests. The influenza virus is divided into three types: A, B, and C. Each type is divided into subtypes. Subtypes that have actively proven themselves have names. So the influenza virus, subtype H1N1, which spread widely in 2009-2010, was named "Swine Flu".

What is the difference between influenza and other acute respiratory viral infections? The flu virus is highly contagious and insidious with complications. Therefore, during epidemics, it is strongly recommended not to neglect the prevention of influenza and other acute respiratory viral infections.

Flu symptoms usually include:

  • A sharp rise in body temperature up to 38-40 degrees C;
  • Headache;
  • Muscle pain;
  • Dry cough.

Also, depending on the type of flu, you may experience:

  • Hoarseness of voice;
  • Lachrymation, redness of the eyes;
  • Rhinitis;
  • Sore throat;
  • Nausea, vomiting.

Quite often, the flu proceeds with complications. The main complications include: pneumonia (pneumonia), bronchitis, otitis media, sinusitis, sinusitis. More serious complications are also possible: meningitis, myocarditis, Reye's syndrome and many others. Therefore, it is very important to take care of yourself during the period of illness: exclude sports, get enough sleep, drink a lot of fluids, follow the doctor's recommendations.

Prevention of ARVI and influenza

The rhythm of life is accelerating and we have less and less time to get sick. Stress and lack of a regimen often lead to a malfunction of the immune system. In order to get sick less and carry ARVI easier, it is recommended to carry out antiviral therapy. Why is it recommended to prevent ARVI and influenza? This is due to the fact that there are no drugs that can directly destroy the virus-causative agent of the disease.

Even if it is known exactly which virus caused the disease, one can only prevent the spread of this virus or affect the body's own immunity. Prevention ARVI and influenza with antiviral agents in advance, you can prepare immunity for the season of colds. All antiviral agents can be divided into two groups. The first group includes targeted drugs. That is, such drugs, the action of which is directed at a specific virus. For example, antiherpetic drugs, anti-influenza drugs, etc. Against influenza, drugs are often recommended: Tamiflu, Relenza. Targeted drugs are quite expensive and it makes sense to take them if the exact diagnosis of the disease is known. However, most drugs have side effects.

Thus, Tamiflu often causes nausea, vomiting, headache, especially in children and adolescents. Which, according to the manufacturers, does not require discontinuation of the drug. "Relenza" is a powder for inhalation through a special inhaler. Forbidden for use in children under 5 years of age. "Tamiflu" and "Relenza" are prescription drugs for the treatment of influenza (with other types ARVI are not used).

The second group includes broad-spectrum drugs. For the prevention of acute respiratory viral infections and influenza, they are more effective, since they protect not only against influenza, but also against colds. Basically - these are immunostimulants, drugs that have an effect on the body's immunity. They may contain interferon, interferon inducers, fusion inhibitors, etc. Many drugs have side effects. Therefore, it is best to choose those that have proven themselves well for a long time.

These drugs include Oscillococcinum. Granules "Oscillococcinum", gently stimulate the immune system, are suitable for the treatment of all types of acute respiratory viral infections, including influenza. The drug is approved for use in adults and children of any age. When choosing an antiviral agent, it is advisable to consult a doctor. Because there are subtleties in the use of many drugs. So interferon, for example, is not prescribed to children under one year old for the treatment of influenza and ARVI. And for older children, the drug needs to be selected individually, depending on the age and condition of the child. In addition, many medications have side effects.

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Despite the difficulties in choosing, antiviral drugs are considered effective for the treatment and prevention of influenza and colds, and can reduce the incidence of ARVI several times.

Attention! The information presented in the article is for informational purposes only. The materials of the article do not call for self-treatment. Only a qualified doctor can diagnose and give recommendations for treatment, based on the individual characteristics of a particular patient.