Men's health is a very important factor on which not only harmony in sexual relations depends, but also a person's self-esteem. Reputation, status in the team - oddly enough, to a large extent all this is associated with the level of certain hormones in the body. Low testosterone in men produces a number of symptoms and signs, the causes of which must be established through medical diagnosis. With a timely response, specialists will prescribe the correct treatment and help restore male strength.
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What determines the level of testosterone in men
Testosterone is a hormone, which is produced in the testes and adrenal glands of men and directly affects the regulation of spermatogenesis, libido, muscle growth, metabolism and secondary sexual characteristics. It is of two types: free and associated with albumin. The normal content of the hormone varies between 12-22 nmol / l. A content of less than 5 nmol / l is a serious reason for contacting a doctor.
Several key factors affect the amount of testosterone in a man's body. The main one is age. Starting from the age of 30, the production of this hormone gradually decreases by about 1-1.5% per year. Its content depends on the lifestyle, general health. The presence of bad habits, alcohol consumption, obesity and weak immunity significantly reduce the level of the hormone. Strong stress has a detrimental effect on men's health. Exercise and a healthy lifestyle help increase the testosterone content in a man's body.
What is low testosterone in men
Hormone problems are often associated with age. The decrease in testosterone in men is justified by androgen deficiency - a clinical and biochemical syndrome that appears in adulthood. Such changes significantly affect the quality of life, sexual activity, therefore, at the first signs of disorders with the hormone, you need to consult a doctor for advice. Low testosterone levels at an early age indicate other problems, possibly related to the reproductive system.
Symptoms of a lack of testosterone
For men, this hormone plays a major role. It affects the condition of the genitals, attraction and general well-being, so any violations will manifest themselves very clearly. Low testosterone levels in men cause an overall decrease in social and physical activity. It is accompanied by a number of symptoms that indicate emerging health problems. Testosterone deficiency is manifested by the following symptoms:
- low libido;
- lack of pleasure in intercourse;
- increased frequency of urination;
- physical weakness;
- persistent fatigue;
- absent-mindedness, memory impairment;
- symptoms of depression for no apparent reason.
Signs of low testosterone levels
Any malfunction of the male hormone in the body immediately affects the physical condition. Signs of low testosterone in men are visible to the naked eye - the body begins to look different, masculinity disappears, strength is lost, excess weight appears. In addition, a man may be haunted by problems in his sexual life. The appearance of the following failures should be a reason for contacting specialists.
- decrease in muscle mass, muscle strength;
- increased body fat folds;
- erectile dysfunction and erectile dysfunction;
- reduction of body hair area;
- Gynecomastia is breast growth that occurs when testosterone levels are severely reduced.
Low testosterone levels in men can be caused by factors of three main conditional groups: genetic, age and external. If a low level of the hormone in older men is considered the norm, then early problems (up to 40 years) indicate serious violations. As a rule, we are talking about malfunctions of the endocrine system and dysfunctions of the testicles. A number of other factors can contribute to testosterone deficiency:
- Pathologies of the pituitary gland and hypothalamus, testicular dysfunction. These violations have a negative impact on the synthesis of testosterone in the body of a man. As a rule, they are congenital in nature.
- Unhealthy lifestyle. Excessive alcohol consumption, smoking and unhealthy food abuse do not contribute to the synthesis of the male hormone in the body.
- Lack of sex life and a permanent partner. Abstinence can also cause testosterone deficiency.
- Overweight. Excess body fat suppresses androgen production and promotes the production of the female hormone estrogen.
- Stress. Constant stressful situations and emotional turmoil stimulate the release of adrenaline, which blocks testosterone production.
- Other diseases. Andropause can be brought closer by pathologies of the cardiovascular system, kidneys.
If you suspect an imbalance in the hormone testosterone, you should undergo a comprehensive medical examination. At the first stage, the endocrinologist will get acquainted with the patient's complaints. Further, the patient will need to undergo blood and urine tests, sometimes it is required to examine the bone tissue. To obtain a reliable result, blood sampling should take place in the morning, since at this time the hormone levels are as similar as possible to the real picture. About a day before the diagnosis, experts advise to give up excessive physical exertion.
Minor testosterone deficiencies in men can be compensated for naturally. To do this, you need to change your lifestyle for some time, limit the use of alcohol and smoking. It is best to stick to a diet free of fried and fatty foods. At this time, it is advisable for men to engage in physical activity, sports exercises.
If the problem is more severe, a doctor should prescribe medication. Doctors prescribe drugs to patients that contain the missing hormone itself. Among them, the most popular are Androgel, Omnadren, Andriol, Nebido. These funds are commercially available in the form of a solution for injection, capsules, tablets. Andropause in men is also treated with hormone-free drugs, such as Evo-test, Vitrix, Tribulus. They produce natural hormone production.
Duration of treatment and dosage of drugs are prescribed by the doctor. After about 2-3 weeks of therapy, the patient should undergo repeated tests. On their basis, it will be possible to draw conclusions about the effectiveness of the course, the results achieved, the need to adjust the dosage of the hormone. In rare cases, prescribed drugs have to be taken for life. Without medical intervention, low testosterone in men can lead to sad consequences - male infertility.
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Medications containing hormones are prescribed to patients based on test results. Tests should confirm a man's low testosterone levels. The degree of hormone deficiency determines the required medication and dosage, which will contribute to the elimination of androgen deficiency. The drugs can be taken as an adjunct to the course of potency enhancers. Hormonal drugs are available in tablets, gels, capsules, patches, injections, and subcutaneous implants. For an overview of the most popular tools, see below.
Androgel is a transparent, colorless gel based on testosterone. The medicine works on the principle of substitution action with a lowered hormone level. The drug is applied to the skin, after which it is absorbed and penetrates into the circulatory system. The action of the gel begins on the first day. The hormone level gradually rises. The main advantage of Androgel is its simplicity and obvious effectiveness. Among the shortcomings, it can be noted that there is a greater likelihood of an allergic reaction and contraindications. A rash and irritation often appear at the site of application of the product.
Omnadren is a solution for intramuscular injection. Refers to the pharmaceutical group of androgens. The drug is based on 4 testosterone esters with different rates of action. The medicine is injected into the sciatic muscle in one ampoule at the frequency indicated by the doctor. The main advantage of the drug is the low frequency of use (as a rule, 1 ampoule every 4 weeks). The disadvantage of Omnadren is that there are many side effects. Among them - priapism (prolonged painful erection), fluid retention in the body, oligospermia (decreased sperm count).
Nebido is another androgen hormone for intramuscular injection. The lack of the male hormone is compensated by the testosterone undecanoate substance contained in the preparation. Plus Nebido: injections for men are carried out 1 time in 10-14 weeks, which makes the drug the most long-lasting among its counterparts. However, the drug also has disadvantages - a number of side effects from almost all parts of the body.
In order to avoid situations when testosterone is low in men, experts recommend adhering to certain dietary rules. It is advisable to include in the diet as much seafood as possible (squid, seaweed, mussels, shrimp). Every day on the table should be lean fish, vegetables and fruits, more cereals. You need to give up animal fats (all fried in sunflower oil, lard, cheeses). They can be replaced with vegetable ones contained in nuts: hazelnuts, pistachios. This will help bring the balance of the hormone in order.
It is always easier to prevent a problem than to solve it. Experts have developed a list of simple recommendations for men to help avoid low levels of the male hormone in the body. The first step is to pay attention to lifestyle and diet. The correct approach to the question will help keep the body in good shape and maintain male strength. Lack of testosterone does not threaten if you follow the following rules:
- Fat should be eliminated from the diet, and more meat products should be added.
- It is advisable to limit the consumption of chocolate, baked goods, sweets.
- It is recommended to stop smoking and alcohol.
- It is helpful to incorporate light exercise into your daily routine.
- It is undesirable to wear tight and tight underwear.