People over 50 are often faced with hair loss. This pathological process is called alopecia, and is observed in half of the men around the world. There are many reasons and risk factors for the development of hair loss. It is important to install them correctly. This will help a successful treatment, because hair loss is not always an irreversible defect.
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In 2005, a gene was found that is responsible for the transmission of baldness. It is associated with the X chromosome, so in most cases, the predisposition to hair loss in men is transmitted through the maternal line. In 2008, a second type of inheritance was found. It depends on chromosome 20, passes through the father's line.
Although the variation in genetic information is different, most hair problems have hereditary patterns. Men in the family go bald by the same type, have a similar type of bald spots. They may have alopecia at the same age.
Hormonal changes in the body
In 95% of all cases, men become androgenic bald. In this case, hair loss is associated with sex hormones. The process is based on the increased sensitivity of the follicle to androgens. Under the action of the enzyme 5 α-reductase, testosterone is converted into an active form. It is called dihydrotestosterone or dht.
The accumulation of this hormone leads to serious changes in the scalp. The skin becomes thinner, blood circulation worsens. Because of this, the hairline shifts. After 10–12 years, the follicle mouths are completely overgrown.
Infections and chronic diseases
Baldness can be associated with endocrine problems. Often alopecia is caused by diseases of the scalp. Hair loss is sometimes seen in people with autoimmune disorders.
Health problems that cause men to go bald:
- systemic lupus erythematosus;
- thyroid disease;
- fungal infection.
The nature of hair loss sometimes depends on the disease:
Alopecia areata size no more than a coin occurs in secondary syphilis. It is caused by an increased accumulation of pale treponema in the follicles.
- Diffuse baldness, in which there is a uniform loss of hair, is associated with bacterial infections.
There are medications that have toxic effects on hair. The use of some drugs affects their density. Even women go bald due to the use of anabolic steroids.
Alopecia in men often occurs with hormonal treatment. When funds are canceled, the withdrawal stops.
Medications that make men go bald:
Medications to lower thyroid hormone levels.
- Medicines for Parkinson's disease.
- NSAIDs (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs).
- Amphetamines that stimulate the central nervous system.
Radiation therapy for cancer
Treatment of malignant pathologies has a pronounced toxic effect. High doses of radiation stop the growth of actively multiplying cells, not only cancerous, but also healthy.
A side effect of this treatment is damage to the intestinal epithelium, leukocytes and follicles. Chemotherapy for cancer has a similar effect. Hair begins to grow in 2-3 weeks after the end of the course of treatment.
Stress and anxiety
Heart disease, gastrointestinal tract diseases and baldness are associated with emotional overload. Nervous experiences, stress are the reasons for hair thinning, hair loss. This process is reversible. When the stress stops, the hairline will recover quickly.
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Certain types of hairstyles or treatments
It is not only internal factors that lead to bald patches. The hair follicles are negatively affected by external influences. Root feeding worsens the abuse of tight hairstyles. A bun on top of the head or braids complicates blood circulation in the scalp, increasing the likelihood of hair loss. Aggressive treatments are the reasons guys go bald.
Hot procedures are dangerous, often causing inflammation in the area of the bulbs. After this, scar tissue sometimes forms, which leads to irreversible processes. Improper hair care does not provoke permanent hair loss, but recovery can take a lot of time and effort.
Deficiency or excess of vitamins
Temporary baldness sometimes causes poor diet. Deficiency or excess of vitamins, trace elements affect the structure, density and appearance of the hairline. The formation of permanent baldness does not depend on these factors. They can only impair the quality of the hair. The reasons for their excessive loss are a lack of iron, vitamin A, or adherence to a strict diet.
Genetics, family inheritance, especially at the beginning of the process In young age.
- Dramatic weight loss. Losing weight at an accelerated rate is always stressful for the body. Early baldness is often associated with it.
- Age. It has been proven that after 40 years, hair loss in men is observed in 50% of cases. Over 70 years old, 75% have alopecia.
- Chronic pathologies - systemic lupus erythematosus, diabetes mellitus, coronary heart disease and hypertension.
- Stressful situations.
Is it possible to stop baldness in men
There are many folk and medical ways to combat alopecia. Before starting treatment, it is important to find out the causes of the pathology.
Physiotherapy, injections or pills may be powerless if the follicle orifices are already overgrown with connective tissue.
Methods of treatment of male alopecia:
Mesotherapy - injections of vitamins, biologically active substances into the scalp.
- Use of Minoxidil. The drug in the form of a foam or solution dilates blood vessels, stimulates follicles. It helps stop hormonal, age-related alopecia. The tool requires constant use.
- Finasteride is a drug that affects the formation of dihydrotestosterone. The drug can cause a decrease in libido, sexual function. After you stop taking the pills, the bald spot on the head reappears.
- Photo and laser treatment. These methods stimulate dormant bulbs.
These techniques have proven effective against hair reduction on the back of the head and other parts of the head. They give good results in combination therapy. The problem often returns after stopping the medication. The use of pills is useless if the follicles are dead. In this case, only transplantation will help.