Semolina is made from durum wheat. The beneficial properties of cereals are also characteristic of cereals from it. 5–8% of the wheat crop is used for semolina production. The groats are similar to whole wheat flour. It has a yellowish tint.
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Rich vitamin and mineral composition
The beneficial properties of semolina are due to the content of nutrients necessary for the human body. It contains:
- vitamins of group B.
- vitamins E and D.
This element prevents oxidation of cell membranes and DNA, which leads to various ailments, including heart disease. Eating 1 bowl of semolina porridge, a person will receive 37 mcg of selenium, which is 2/3 of the daily intake of the mineral. Magnesium, zinc and phosphorus in the composition of the product support the nervous system in a healthy state.
Valuable diabetic product
Yellowish semolina flour is used for making bread and noodles. For diabetes, it is better to eat semolina products than white wheat flour. Compared to it, semolina is not absorbed so quickly in the stomach and intestines. With diabetes mellitus, you should significantly reduce the use of any wheat products.
Rapid replenishment of energy
Semolina contains carbohydrates necessary for the production of energy by the human body. This makes it a useful addition to the diet for those people with high physical and mental activity.
It is best eaten for breakfast. This will help keep you from feeling hungry until lunchtime. The calorie content of semolina is 360 Kcal per 100 g. Semolina contains little protein. Therefore, it is recommended to use it together with a protein source (milk) or foods that are rich in fiber (vegetables).
Strengthening the immune system
Semolina contains nutrients necessary to strengthen the immune system. It contains the minerals selenium and zinc, vitamins E and B.
Improvement of the body
The beneficial substances in semolina contribute to the maintenance of all systems of the human body:
- Phosphorus improves energy metabolism.
- Zinc, magnesium support healthy bones, nerves and muscles.
- Calcium increases bone strength.
- Potassium improves kidney function.
Wheat cereals are free of cholesterol, saturated and trans fats. It helps lower cholesterol levels and prevents long-term ailments from developing.
Wheat products are high in carbohydrates and should be eaten in moderation. But the diet will become healthier if you replace ordinary white wheat flour in dishes and baked goods with semolina:
- cakes, cookies and bread;
- pizza and noodles;
- thick soups and stews.
Selenium is rich in selenium. This micronutrient prevents infections and helps to maintain the health of the cardiovascular system. It must be remembered that semolina contains gluten, and people with an intolerance to it should avoid eating semolina and other cereal products.
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Prevention of anemia
1 cup of semolina contains 8% from the daily intake of iron required for the production of hemoglobin. Iron deficiency can cause anemia, which causes:
- fatigue, weakness;
- pallor and dry skin, brittle nails;
- decreased performance;
- bowel disorders;
- shortness of breath and poor appetite.
Since fetin and gluten in cereals impair the absorption of iron by the body, semolina is only an additional source of this mineral. The main source of iron is food of animal origin.
Aids in Weight Loss
When food is digested and absorbed more slowly, satiety lasts longer. This quality of semolina helps those who are losing weight not to overeat.
High energy value is combined in this low fat product. Semolina is low in fiber. Therefore, for those who want to lose weight, nutritionists recommend combining semolina with vegetables that are rich in dietary fiber. It should be remembered that weight loss requires a combination of a healthy diet with exercise.