Oral hygiene is important not only for dental health, but also for the entire body. Periodontal disease is a risk factor for problems with the heart, blood vessels, and diabetes. To maintain health, you need to regularly brush your teeth at least 2 times a day. Dr. Komarovsky spoke about the rules for choosing a toothbrush in accordance with the recommendations of dentists.
- Very soft - recommended by doctors for people with gum disease - periodontitis, gingivitis, periodontal disease.
- Soft bristles are the best choice for children under 12 years old, with mild bleeding gums or problems with tooth enamel, for people with diabetes, pregnant women.
- Medium hardness - brushes for adolescents and children over 12 years old, as well as adults with healthy teeth and gums.
- Stiff bristles - suitable for cleaning removable dentures, people with a tendency to form plaque on the teeth.
- Very hard - such brushes are advised to use only on the recommendation of dentists for smokers, avid coffee drinkers, people with increased formation of dental calculus. Of the minuses - they can damage the gums, root surface and protective tooth enamel.
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Modern models use high-quality nylon fibers that are carefully polished at the cut.
Bristle tips, depending on model:
- Rounded - least traumatic, suitable for most people.
- Pointed - thoroughly clean the teeth and the space between them.
- Dull - effective for massage of the gums, improve microcirculation of blood in them.
Tip size (brush head)
The tip for a toothbrush should provide easy access to the entire surface of the teeth. For adults, the correct length of the nozzle is 2.5-3 cm, for children - 1.5-2 cm. Although larger toothbrush heads are available, they are difficult to maneuver to clean hard-to-reach areas such as the sides and backs of molars. A plus will be a movable head, which helps to remove plaque and food debris even from distant teeth.
Mechanical or electrical
Scientific research has shown that there is no significant difference between electric and manual toothbrushes in their ability to remove plaque and prevent gum disease. Dentists emphasize that the best toothbrush is the one that a person uses frequently and correctly. The electric version is easier to use but more expensive. For those who brush their teeth very vigorously, this option is preferable.
Long - helps to regulate the degree of pressure, reduces the likelihood of injury to the gums and tooth enamel. It is preferable to choose a brush with a rubberized handle so that it does not slip in the palm of your hand..